Correlation between PD-L1 level and immunotherapy outcome in NSCLC in Lebanon, 2012-2018: A multicenter observational review.

Ahmad Ghoche MD, Lewis Nasr MD, Saada Diab MD, Fadi Nasr MD; Mount Lebanon Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; Hotel Dieu De France Hospital St Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon; Hotel-Dieu de France Saint joseph University Hospital and Holy Spirit University Kaslik, Beirut, Lebanon

Published online 2019,


Background: Immunotherapy targeting the PD1/PDL1 checkpoint pathway represents an important innovation in lung cancer treatment. In our research, we evaluate the correlation of PD-L1 expression with clinical outcomes (progression free survival, overall survival, objective response rate) in lung cancer patients in 4 centers in Lebanon. Methods: The 57 patients enrolled in this observational study were stage IIIB/IV NSCLC and SCLC who received immunotherapy with nivolumab, pembrolizumab or atezolizumab at any line of treatment, and were recruited between February 2012 and august 2018. Immunotherapy was continued until progression, death or unacceptable toxicity. PD-L1 expression was assessed on tumor samples either on diagnosis or at progression. Patients were divided into 3 categories according to PD-L1 level (< 1, 1-49, > 50%). Progression free survival defines the time from randomization to disease progression after each line of therapy. Overall survival defines time from randomization to death from any cause. 

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